Niagara on the Lake, Ontario


Often called the loveliest town in Ontario, Niagara-on-the-Lake has a long and distinguished history. Site of the old Neutral Indian village of Onghiara, it was settled at the close of the American Revolution by Loyalists coming to Upper Canada, many of whom had been members of the much feared Butler's Rangers based during the American Revolution at Fort Niagara, then under British control.

In 1781 the British Government purchased land from the Mississaugas; a strip of land 6 miles wide along the western bank of the Niagara River for "300 suits of clothing". By 1782, 16 families had become established and had cleared 236 acres. In 1791 part of the military reserve at the mouth of the river was chosen as the future townsite. In 1792, Newark - as it was named by Governor Simcoe, became the first capital of the newly-created colony of Upper Canada, and the legislature met here for five sessions, until Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe moved the capital to York. By 1796, 70 new homes were built, and the town continued to prosper as the economic, administrative and judicial centre for the Niagara Peninsula. The physical appearance of the town, with the exception of the powder magazine at Fort George was virtually erased by the burning of the town by the Americans during the war of 1812. Rebuilt, Niagara became an active commercial centre, with a busy shipping and ship-building industry, as well as many shops and warehouses. The beautiful old homes lining the tree-shaded streets attest to the prosperity of its citizens.

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Buttertart Squares

Base:
1 c
1/4 c
1/2 c
Topping:
2
2 tbsp
1 c
2 tbsp
1/2 tsp
1/2 tsp
1 c
1/2 c

all purpose flour
white sugar
cold butter

eggs beaten
melted butter
brown sugar
all-purpose flour
baking powder
vanilla extract
raisins
chopped pecans

Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. Whisk 1 cup flour and white sugar together in a bowl; cut 1/2 cup cold butter into flour mixture with a pastry blender until crumbly. Press flour mixture evenly into the bottom of a 9-inch square cake pan. Bake in the preheated oven for 15 minutes. Remove to cool slightly, leaving oven on. Whisk eggs and 2 tablespoons melted butter together in a bowl; whisk in brown sugar, 2 tablespoons flour, baking powder, and vanilla extract. Stir raisins and pecans into egg mixture; pour over the base. Bake in the preheated oven until top springs back when touched, about 20 minutes. Cool completely before cutting into squares.

Keep Cooking

Tourtiere

2.5 lb
1/4 tsp
1/4 tsp
1
1 tsp
1
1
3 c
4
2 x 15 oz pkg
lean ground pork
ground cloves
ground cinnamon
large onion, chopped
salt
stalk celery, chopped
bay leaf
water
baking potatoes, peeled & cubed
refrigerated pie crusts

In a large saucepan, mix together the ground pork, cloves, cinnamon, onion, salt, celery, bay leaf and water. The water will help break up the raw pork. Simmer over medium-low heat for about 3 hours, or until the water has evaporated. Remove from the heat and discard the bay leaf. Towards the end of the pork cooking time, place the potatoes into a separate saucepan and fill with enough water to cover. Bring to a boil and cook until tender, about 10 minutes. Drain and mash potatoes. When the pork is done, stir the mashed potatoes into that pan until evenly blended. Preheat the oven to 375 degrees F (190 degrees C). Line two 9 inch pie plates with bottom crusts. Spoon equal amounts of the pork filling into each crust. Cover with top crusts and flute the edges to seal. Bake for 45 minutes in the preheated oven, or until crust is golden brown.